“Chronic low-grade inflammation is now considered to be a critical pathological factor underlying many modern chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and neurodegenerative diseases, and is associated with aging. Chronic low-grade inflammation is characterized by elevated circulating levels of inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1, and IL-6. A primary cause Read More →

Abbreviations: F-HFD: fructose enriched high-fat coconut oil diet F-SO-HFD: fructose enriched high-fat soybean oil diet HFD: high-fat coconut oil diet LPSs: lipopolysaccharides PUFAs: polyunsaturated fatty acids SO-HFD: high-fat soybean oil diet Viv: low-fat, high-fiber rodent diet   “Look! It’s moving. It’s sa — it’s… it’s alive. It’s alive… It’s alive, it’s moving, it’s alive! It’s Read More →

Saccharin

Today’s post is inspired by an Israeli paper published in the journal Nature that studied the effects on glucose metabolism and gut flora from ingesting three popular artificial sweeteners. What they found is of more than passing interest in this calorie-obsessed age. (1) I spend a lot of time on this website writing about the Read More →

Dog-doing

  Today’s post will cover a meta-analysis (review) of randomized clinical trials that studied prebiotics and their effects on a host of different metabolic markers in humans. Published in the British Journal of Nutrition, this paper covered the results of twenty-six trials that collectively studied 831 subjects. (1) Studies included in this meta-analysis were restricted Read More →

Coronary

  As long time readers of this blog know, I consider metabolic syndrome (insulin resistance, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, etc.) as fundamentally caused by translocating gut bacteria to the liver and systemic circulation. This explains what initiates what I’ve termed “The Inflammatory-Cortisol Ballet” and the metabolic consequences that flow from that. When it comes to heart Read More →

Gluten

On February 13th of 2013, I published a post entitled Fibromyalgia, Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Endotoxemia. I made the case that the high prevalence of bowel dysfunction and fibromyalgia was no mere coincidence. In today’s post, I’ll present evidence from a preliminary study out of Spain implicating non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) as a possible trigger Read More →

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  Abbreviations: BMI: body mass index FPG: fasting plasma glucose HbA1c: glycosylated hemoglobin hs-CRP: C-reactive protein IL-6: interleukin 6 IL-10: interleukin 10 IFN-y: interferon gamma LPSs: lipopolysaccharides SIFBO: small intestinal fungal and bacterial overgrowth TNF-a: tumor necrosis factor alpha Today’s post will review an interesting study out of Iran that was published in December (1). Read More →

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  “Ignorance is preferable to error, and he is less remote from the truth who believes nothing than he who believes what is wrong.” Thomas Jefferson     Abbreviations: BCM7: beta-casomorphin-7 C. albicans: Candida albicans FOS: fructooligosaccharide GERD: gastroesophageal reflux disease GI: gastrointestinal H. pylori: Helicobacter pylori, aka Campylobacter pylori IBS: irritable bowel syndrome LES: Read More →

  Fibromyalgia is a disease characterized by chronic wide-spread pain. These painful areas are spread throughout numerous points on the body. Other symptoms of this disorder are joint stiffness, gastrointestinal upset and mental distress: insomnia, fatigue, depression, anxiety and cognitive dysfunction. Estimates for the prevalence of fibromyalgia range from between 1% to 2% of the Read More →

  Today I want to briefly review two research papers examining the role of increased intestinal permeability (leaky gut) and visceral fat accumulation. Visceral fat, otherwise known as central obesity, is a recognized risk factor for the development of fatty liver, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This type of fat is packed in and Read More →

  In this post, I want to write about an interesting Brazilian study that examined the effects of feeding gluten in combination with a high-fat diet to C57BL/6 mice, the most popular strain of mice used in laboratories around the world. (1) Would our furry friends experience any negative effects from consuming the protein found Read More →

  “Although genetic and biological factors play a major role in the development of obesity, hypertension, insulin resistance, and diabetes, these common disorders that are part of the metabolic syndrome are probably influenced by other factors. Evidence suggests that these disorders are mediated by a complex interplay between genetics, biology, and the environment. Stress, whether Read More →

  I want to continue my series on weight dysregulation by examining the role endotoxemia may play.  As you may have noticed, nowhere in the title does the word obesity appear. While I will talk about how gram-negative pathogens can promote weight gain, it’s equally clear that lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) derived from these same organisms can Read More →

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