Glass

  Abbreviations: CNS: central nervous system DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid DNMTs: DNA methyltranferases EAAT: excitatory amino acid transporter EAAT3: excitatory amino acid transporter 3 ENS: enteric nervous system FODMAP: Fermentable Oligo-, Di- and Mono-saccharides and Polyols GERD: gastroesophageal reflux disease GSH: glutathione IBS: irritable bowel syndrome LPSs: lipopolysaccharides SAM: S-adenosylmethionine SIFBO: small intestinal fungal and bacterial Read More →

Colon Anatomy

  This is a short post about an intriguing study done in rodents to assess what effect different polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have on progression of ulcerative colitis (UC). (1) Ulcerative colitis is defined by Taber’s medical dictionary as: “An inflammatory bowel disease marked pathologically by continuous inflammation of the intestinal mucosa, which typically involves Read More →

  “Saturated fats are benign with regard to inflammatory effects, as are the MUFAs [monounsaturated fats]. The meager effect that saturated fats have on serum cholesterol levels when modest but adequate amounts of polyunsaturated oils are included in the diet, and the lack of any clear evidence that saturated fats are promoting any of the Read More →

  The role of stress in negatively impacting the gastrointestinal system has long been recognized. It doesn’t take an Einstein to note a strong correlation between acute psychological stress and the onset of gut feelings that are anything but pleasant. I’ve written about how gut dysbiosis is capable of initiating psychological states like depression and Read More →

  I consider bacterial translocation from the gut, aka, metabolic endotoxemia, the key to understanding chronic conditions like diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Gut pathogens and large food molecules that breach the gut wall provoke inflammatory immune responses that negatively impact the liver and other organs throughout the body, including the brain. For those of you Read More →

  Spend anytime visiting nutrition-oriented blogs and you quickly discover that the topic of dairy consumption elicits strong opinions. Dairy, in all its forms, has been variously blamed for heart disease, cancer, autism, diabetes, obesity, Kim Kardashian’s fame…well pretty much everything. Some caution against the consumption of dairy by pointing to the fact that humans Read More →

  Today I want to continue my discussion of foods, drinks and drugs that tend to aggravate an infected and inflamed gastrointestinal mucosa. Fiber The last post covered gut bacteria’s well-known ability to produce intestinal gas by fermenting fiber. However, dietary fiber, especially insoluble fiber, has other damaging characteristics. As I’ve mentioned before, fiber swells Read More →

  Today I’m going to talk about some dietary changes that may offer some of you symptom relief from your gastrointestinal issues. This is not a cure for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis. These disorders will require reducing gut pathogens and/or overgrowth of fungus like Candida Read More →

  What Are Prebiotics? Most people know what a probiotic is but what, exactly, is a prebiotic? Prebiotics are non-digestable but fermentable soluble fibers that stimulate the growth of beneficial gut flora in the colon. I like to think of prebiotics as fertilizer for your friendly colonic bacteria. There are two types of prebiotics. Shorter-chain Read More →

  In the previous two posts I wrote about the different types of gut flora and their physiological functions. In this post, I want to write about what can go terribly wrong when our commensal gut flora are unhappy. Let’s first define the term dysbiosis or disordered flora. I find that this term is thrown around Read More →